The word President comes from preside, to be before an assembly. So then these moderators who are presiding over the Congress seems fitting to call them Presidents. However, I do agree calling them just that is confusing, there needs to be differentiation.Very interesting.Thanks for the clarifications, @Tiger .
I have been confused about this issue, to be quite honest. I understand that the three branches of government were created after the revision, but I have known several people -- and some of them native-born American history specialists -- who regarded these Presidents as the first ones, before the three branches etc, were created. Some of these people corrected me rather sharply when I said I thought the first President was Washington!
Perhaps there is room for disagreement between historians. I read a fair bit of American history prior to my taking up US citizenship -- I thought it was a good chance to educate myself about the country I was going to adopt as my own. A country and a people who, despite being exasperating at times, I had come to love very much. I was very familiar with the ins and outs of the history of US immigration and on legal discussions of citizenship and alienage. Professor Linda Bosniak's important work The Citizen and the Alien lays the groundwork for the American view of citizenship, critical in a nation of immigrants.
I also read Francis Parkman's Montcalm and Wolf on the buildup to 1776, for instance and the shorter version of the Carl Sandburg biography of Lincoln -- I have the six-volume set, but that is a long project! And we also did some of the important events and milestones in American history when I was in my boys' school in India -- we had World history, British history and Indian history. I don't remember all of the details, but it is easy enough to find out.
I don't know, it is not a big deal for me, but maybe American historians themselves could come to some agreement about the Presidential hierarchy, so that immigrant citizens like myself could be given the straight dope, LOL. You never know, this could pop up on some version of the citizenship test in the future!
Dr. Peter, how wonderful the dedication to learn American history and become an enlightened and well educated citizen. Far better than these people who come in droves over the boarder which they say doesn't exist and try and change America to the Mexico they left while demanding citizenship. They don't want to be Americans, so they should never be. Gives me hope there are many who are like you and truly become American citizens. And to be clear, being American doesn't mean forgetting one's lineage and heritage, I am an American of European decent (the list is too long for this time and not important to the point).